The global consensus is against recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel until the Palestinian conflict is resolved.
Israel and Kosovo established diplomatic relations on Monday, with the Muslim-majority country recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
In a ceremony held above Zoom in Jerusalem and Pristina, Israeli Foreign Minister Gabi Ashkenazi and his Kosovo counterpart, Meliza Haradinaj Stublla, signed a joint statement establishing ties.
Ashkenazi also said he had approved “Kosovo’s official request to open an embassy in Jerusalem.”
The normalization and embassy measures come after Israel signed a series of agreements brokered by former US President Donald Trump last year to establish diplomatic relations with Arab states, including the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain , Morocco and Sudan.
These accords, known collectively as the Abrahamic Accords, have drawn criticism in many Muslim-majority countries.
But unlike Kosovo, the Arab parties to the Abrahamic Accords have all argued that their diplomatic missions in Israel will be in Tel Aviv.
This position is consistent with the global consensus against recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel until the Palestinian conflict is resolved.
Trump in 2017 shocked observers by saying the United States would move its embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem and recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
The move of the embassy in May of the following year, from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, was celebrated in Israel but sharply criticized elsewhere.
To date, Guatemala is the only country other than the United States to have an embassy in Jerusalem.
Jerusalem remains at the heart of the decades-long conflict in the Middle East, with the Palestinian Authority (PA) insisting that East Jerusalem – illegally occupied by Israel since 1967 – should serve as the capital of a Palestinian state.
President Joe Biden’s new administration has said it will maintain the US Embassy in Israel in Jerusalem and continue to recognize the city as the capital of Israel.
Kosovo, Serbia and diplomatic relations with Israel
In September, Trump announced at a summit initially held to strike a deal between Kosovo and its former wartime enemy Serbia that Kosovo and Israel would establish diplomatic ties.
The most eye-catching part of the summit was Kosovo’s announcement that it would recognize Israel from each other, and Serbia said it would follow Washington’s lead by moving its embassy to Jerusalem.
So far, however, Serbia has failed to honor its pledge, with some officials claiming the deal is non-binding.
Kosovo has also said it is ready to install its Israeli mission in Jerusalem, in return for recognition of Israel, as it seeks to further legitimize its 2008 declaration of independence from Serbia. and the state.