Tuesday, April 23, 2024

US to review treatment of asylum seekers

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Joe Biden to order review of US treatment of Central and South American asylum seekers and establish new task force to reunite separated children and parents at border as he continues efforts to revise the American immigration system.

The new executive orders to be signed by Mr Biden at the White House on Tuesday continue the president’s efforts to dismantle many of Donald Trump’s immigration restrictions without having to pass what will likely be a polarizing bill on reform of the United States. immigration through a tightly divided Congress.

The ordinances will establish a new task force to examine barriers to obtaining U.S. citizenship by legal immigrants, and another to reunite children and parents. separate when crossing into the United States across the southern border with Mexico.

The administration will also review rules known as the Migrant Protection Protocols, which currently require thousands of asylum seekers in Mexico to wait for their claims to be processed, and will work to “tackle the root causes. of migration from Central America ”, a senior government official. said.

“President Biden’s strategy centers on the basic premise that our country is secure, stronger and more prosperous, with a secure, orderly and humane immigration system that welcomes immigrants, keeps families together and empowers people of newly arrived immigrants and people who have lived. here for generations to contribute more fully to our country, ”said an official.

Mr Biden has already issued several executive orders overturning many of Mr Trump’s rules cracking down on legal and illegal immigration, including halting construction work on the former president’s border wall, lifting his ban on travel for people from predominantly Muslim countries and the cancellation of exclude non-citizens of the 2020 census.

The Department of Homeland Security has also issued a 100-day hiatus on deportations “of certain non-citizens,” although the order was temporarily blocked by a federal judge in Texas.

But despite the wave of executive orders, Biden faces a battle to push through further reforms through Congress. On his first day as president, he introduced a comprehensive reform bill to send to lawmakers, including provisions to grant access to citizenship to an estimated 11 million undocumented migrants.

As New Jersey Senator Bob Menendez works to bring Mr. Biden’s bill to the Senate, other Democrats are working on smaller immigration bills that they hope could gain support. bipartisan.

Dick Durbin, the new chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, and Lindsey Graham, the committee’s senior Republican, plan to introduce a new version of the Dream Act, which would offer amnesty to migrants illegally brought to the United States as children.

Although Mr Biden’s early immigration efforts focused on humanitarian issues, including the treatment of asylum seekers and undocumented migrants, administration officials have said “a lot” of the other policies of Mr. Trump – including bans and worker visa suspensions – would continue to be studied.

Mr Trump was criticized by US companies last year for banning new green cards and suspending a range of work visas allowing everyone from scientists to engineers to au pairs to work in the United States .

The Trump administration has also made efforts to expel international students from U.S. universities if their classes went fully online due to the coronavirus, but the proposal was overturned in court following a university lawsuit. Harvard and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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