Monday, June 5, 2023

To beat China on tech, Biden will need to learn from it

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And with Australia, Japan, Vietnam and others, India is also on the move deny Huawei’s involvement in the development of 5G mobile networks within its borders. These decisions are not the result of Trump’s aggressive diplomacy, but rather of heightened tensions in relations with Beijing. Huawei’s main competitors, like Sweden’s Ericsson, are looking to fill in the gaps left by China’s geopolitical turmoil. But some countries also aspire to develop their own 5G capacities.

Along with California-based Qualcomm, Indian conglomerate Reliance Industries is develop its subsidiary Jio Platforms to provide a local solution for India’s 5G mobile networks. In addition to the partnership with Ericsson and the Finnish Nokia, Vietnam also aims to develop its own 5G mobile networks with its national company Viettel. For President Biden, China’s setbacks in these rapidly growing markets offer new openings that the United States and its allies can pursue.

The Trump administration struggled to get Brazil and other emerging economies to prevent Huawei from participating in their 5G mobile networks, despite its competitors’ equipment financing offer. Now that Trump is gone frustrate American allies in the face of trade war threats, Biden’s team can negotiate with South Korea, Japan, European Union and others to pool Resources in order to balance the playing field with China. Although not all partners in the developing world subscribe to the idea a democratic technological alliancePresident Biden should look to the Indian and Vietnamese model and help other countries develop domestic capabilities that over time reduce their dependence on Huawei and other foreign suppliers.

New open radio access network technology is one way to develop such alternative solutions. Open RAN essentially allows a variety of businesses to provide different parts of a telecommunications network, decoupling hardware from software, rather than relying on a vendor like Huawei or Ericsson. Although still a work in progress, this new technology East It is believed to have the potential to undermine Huawei’s cost advantage by drastically reducing the investment needed to develop 5G networks.

European telecommunications service providers Orange and Vodafone are already introducing such networks in Africa and beyond. The United States is also realizing the possibilities of Open RAN. Late last year, amid the political turmoil surrounding Trump’s electoral defeat, a bipartisan bill quietly passed the United States House, unlock funding of $ 750 million to accelerate the development and deployment of Open RAN. In the face of fierce competition from China, the next step will be to work with Japan, the UK and other allies to explore how to advance this new technology and make it suitable for the demands of emerging markets.

But Open RAN is no miracle solution to Biden’s Huawei challenge. Its full potential will only be realized in the medium to long term, once the high integration costs, security holes and other issues have been addressed. This shouldn’t prevent finding new ways to compete with China in traditional mobile networks.

If President Biden is serious about beating China in a global technology race, he will need to learn from the Chinese experience and reverse America’s long-standing failure to see the strategic gain of developing world engagement. on technology. The new administration must not follow Trump’s playbook page by page. Its blatant approach to crippling Chinese competition has done little to gain new partners. By delivering technological solutions that drive new growth and development, President Biden can harness the power and ingenuity of America and its allies to beat China.

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